VENEZIANI, EMMANUEL FELIX (1825–1889), French philanthropist, born in Leghorn (Italy). He became a director of the relief fund of baron de hirsch and in 1877 traveled to the Balkans and Bulgaria where he organized relief for Jewish and gentile victims of the Russo-Turkish war. At the Congress of Berlin in 1878, Veneziani and charles netter worked for religious liberty in the former Ottoman territories, and in 1880 he was similarly active at the Congress of Madrid on behalf of Moroccan Jewry. In 1882 he and Netter were sent by the Alliance Israélite Universelle to help organize Jewish emigration from Russia. In 1883 Veneziani toured the Jewish settlements in Palestine. In conformity with Hirsch's views, he advised limiting Russian Jewish immigration there. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: L'Univers Israélite (Feb. 1889); Z. Kahn, Souvenirs et Regrets (1898), 278–83; I. Klausner, Ha-Tenu'ah le-Ẓiyyon be-Rusyah, 2 (1965), 71, 145, 225–7; A. Chouraqui, L'Alliance Israélite Universelle… (1965), index.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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